如何避免上当受骗

1. Work with professionals

Work only with real estate agencies or agents) registered with the Official College of Real Estate Agents (Colegio Oficial de Agentes de la Propiedad Inmobiliaria).

While the profession was deregulated in Spain several years ago and now anyone is able to act as a real estate agent without being a member of the official body, it is best to work with those businesses and professionals that have the approval of the Official College of Real Estate Agents.

Among other concerns, the processing of malpractice complaints can be done with greater agility and confidence through the Official College than with a non-affiliated agency or agent.

2. Become a cooperative member

Be well-informed about housing cooperatives (cooperativas de viviendas).

Any person wishing to acquire a cooperative-sponsored home can become a cooperative member by contributing the required fees. When the purchase plan is done, it is the cooperative that is responsible for construction.

This eliminates developer costs so the members can obtain their housing at a lower price. This, however, is not without risks, as some projects have been paralyzed over time due to a lack of funding or due to obstacles set by the local government. Therefore, before deciding to enter into a housing cooperative, it is advisable to be well-informed about the project before signing the contract.

3. Verify the absence of debts or liens

Check that the home is free of charges.

In the case of second-hand housing, it is advisable to verify that the property has no outstanding debts or liens. For this, it is only necessary to request a simple note about the property from the Land Registry (Registro de la Propiedad). This procedure can be completed by any person in Spain, and can be easily done by a real estate agency, agent, or administrator.

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4. 核实房屋所有权

了解清楚房屋的卖家确实是户主。

与上面的情况类似,买家可以从土地登记局哪里获得房屋的简单纪要,就能了解清楚谁是真正的户主。这是防止被那些没有房屋所有权的卖家欺骗。

5. 了解房子更多信息

了解清楚房子不是任何的市政规划的一部分。

另一种情况就是避免购买一处土地即将被市政规划覆盖的房地产,以防影响到房子的居住功能或面积。建议去拜访当地的市政规划局,在购买之前了解更多详情。

6. 咨询当地的沿海服务

了解清楚房子是否被通行证用,是否海陆公共地域。

尤其是在海滨区域靠近沙滩的土地,如果这块土地被划做海滨保护区而被通行征用,它的新主人则不得不受到法律约束而无法随意处置它,比如,在土地上建造新房,或者更改原有房子的体积、高度或户外空间。

如果该房是海陆公共地域的一部分,那就意味着业主不再拥有这块房地产,所有权已经转至政府名下。向当地的海岸事务所咨询,可以了解清楚海陆公共地域的划界以及相应的通行证用,从而避免这两种难题。